Asemblea Legislativa Plurinacional
Site of the Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional, the Bolivian national assembly (‘plurinational’ in that it represents all the various indigenous and ethnic communities in Bolivia). An outline is provided of the aims and objectives of the Assembly. A Press section, arranged by subject area, provides photos and notes concerning recent events. Full-text access available to recent Acts and Bills and to the Bolivian Constitution in PDF format. An additional section is concerned with transparency and public access to information and provides relevant legislation in full text. All PDF’s are in Spanish only.
Assemblee Nationale: Congo
The official website of the National Assembly of Congo has a section (Les Lois) which provides links to selected full-text Republic of Congo legislation on topics including finance, investment and the constitution. All information is provided in French.
Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile
Library of the Congreso Nacionale Chile (Chilean National Parliament). Provides a service not only to members of Parliament but also to the wider community. Acts as an official repository for Parliamentary archives. The website provides full-text access, mainly in PDF format, to laws, codes and current and historic versions of the Constitution. Public users can search the catalogue and also browse or download documents in PDF and podcasts in MP3 format, which are designed to inform them about aspects of parliamentary procedure, including the creation of laws and popular legal issues. The website is wholly in Spanish.
Cabinet & Ministries Directory - Brunei
Provides list and general details of Government Ministries and links to their respective websites.
Cases in Ghana land law
This website discusses cases which were included in the reading list for Professor Kwame Gyan’s course on Ghana customary land law at the Law Faculty of the University of Ghana. Other developments in property and tort laws in the US and other English Common Law countries are also discussed. Content includes free reports of cases as well as articles and other legal news. Content was uploaded between 2009 and 2011, and the case reports date from the nineteenth century onwards.
China Guiding Cases Project
Collection of ‘guiding cases’ decided by the Supreme People’s Court of China, translated into English and made available by the China Guiding Cases Project (CGCP) at Stanford Law School in the US. Guiding cases are decisions that have been designated as leading cases, under a procedure introduced in 2010. The website also includes expert commentary on the cases. The Law Summaries page has outlines of the Chinese law of contract, intellectual property, labour and the environment/natural resources with links to translated laws on these subjects. The website is in English and Chinese.
Congreso de la Nacion Argentina
Site of the Argentine Congress, which consists of the Honorable Camara de Diputados de la Nacion; (Chamber of Deputies) and the Honorable Camara de Senadores; (Chamber of Senates). The site is divided into two parts, for the two Chambers but the content of the sections is similar. It provides background information about the structure and political make up and about the various Committees. It gives full-text access to a wide range of Government documents; these are mostly in Spanish, but the Constitution is available in English translation. Documents to download are in PDF format. Users can search Bills and legislation across different fields; this includes older archival material. Press sections include videos and photo collections.
Congreso Nacional Chile
Official site of the Congreso Nacionale Chile (Chilean National Parliament). The Parliament comprises the ‘Cámara de Senadores’ Senate (Upper House) and the ‘Cámara de Diputados’ (Chamber of Deputies). The section of the site relating to the Upper House provides background information about the structure of the Senate and about individual committees covering different subject areas and the status of bills currently in progress. Full-text access is also available to the Fundamental law of the Chilean Parliament (Ley Orgánica) and to the Chilean Constitution. The section related to the Chamber of Deputies provides full-text access, in PDF format, to fundamental Acts and regulations relating to Parliament and also gives information about the procedure of bills through Parliament. Links are also provided to information about other aspects of the work of the Chamber and to the site of the Parliament Library. All documents provided are in Spanish.
Constitution of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, 1984 (as Amended to 1991)
Full-text PDF of the Constitution of Guinea Bissau made freely available on the ConstitutionNet website, in English. The Constitution’s 102 articles outline the role and structure of the legislature, judiciary and executive (including the organisation of local government), as well the fundamental rights and freedoms of the citizenry. Constitution.net is run by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA, an intergovernmental organisation) , with funding from Norwegian Government.
Database of Federal Statute Names
Free database of popular names of US federal statutes, compiled by Yale’s Lillian Goldman Law Library. The main focus is on names which do not communicate clearly the subject of the legislation, for example the ‘Rankin Act’ and the ‘Serve America Act’. For each statute, the official citations and short title (if any) are given. Each statute title is categorised using the following list of types: Sponsor, Description, Honor, Case, Tribe, Victim, Political Description, Location, Undefined, Award, Abbreviation, Acrostic, Private Law, Institution. The main differences from the official ‘Table of Popular Names’ (see Eagle-i record for ‘United States Code’) are that the official Table includes any act with a formally enacted short title, as well as those known by informal names, and the vast majority of the names it lists are clearly descriptive. Other differences are that the Yale Database includes early legislation not covered by the official Table, and provides information about the origins of names.
Discover Criminal Justice
Free website providing a directory of more than 5,000 accredited criminal justice courses available in the United States, together with careers articles and interviews with criminal justice experts from academia, legal practice and the police force. All degree levels are covered by the directory, including doctoral programmes, and it includes a variety of specialisms, such as court reporting, juvenile justice, criminology, counter-terrorism, IT, international criminal justice and legal studies. The directory can be browsed by specialism, degree or state, or it can be searched by post code or specialism. Discover Criminal Justice was developed by online consulting firm Greenway Media, in partnership with the experts who appear on the site.
Droit des affaires au Tchad
Collection of legal materials relating to business and company law in Chad, on Droit-Afrique.Com, a web portal to business law in French-speaking Africa. The site gives details of pan-African organisations of which Chad is a member and provides fiscal, commercial, welfare, investment and mining laws of the country. There is a page of links to the websites of African organisations and other sites providing legal information on Chad. The site is in French only.
Droit des affaires en Republique Centrafricaine
Collection of legal materials relating to business and company law in Central African Republic, on Droit-Afrique.Com, a web portal to business law in French-speaking Africa. The site gives details of pan-African organisations of which Central African Republic is a member and provides fiscal, commercial, welfare, investment and mining laws of the country. There is a page of links to the websites of African organisations and other sites providing legal information on Central African Republic. The site can be viewed in French only.
Dutch Civil Law (DCL)
English-language site provided by Dutch lawyer Hendri Goossens ,who specialises in contract law and private international law. It describes the Dutch legal system and the foundations and principles of Dutch law generally. The Legislation page provides unofficial English translations of the Civil Code, parts of the Civil Procedure Code, several acts, the Constitution and various conventions. The site also has information about jurisdiction, the enforcement of judgments and the conflict of laws.
Official website for Malaysian federal legislation, made available by the Attorney-General’s Chambers. Provides individual primary and secondary laws from 26 April 2011 onwards, plus an online version of the revised Laws of Malaysia (‘LOM’), which consists of statutes in force, whatever the date. The site is available in English or Bahasa Malaysia.
European Commission: Home Affairs
Website of the European Commission’s Home Affairs Directorate-General, covering eight broad policy areas: immigration; asylum; borders and visas; internal security; organised crime and human trafficking; police cooperation; and external aspects of home affairs (under ‘International Relations’). An overview of each area is given, with links to relevant legislation, consultation documents, reports, studies, cases and news items
ecoi: European Country of Origin Network
Collection of country-of-origin information intended for use by lawyers and others involved in asylum claims, provided by a department of the Austrian Red Cross. Ecoi.net has a page for each country of the world; each page provides key reports and other documents, national laws translated into English, maps and links to country profiles (by the UN, CIA, BBC and so on). Basic and advanced search facilities are available. The site also includes a blog.
Global Law: Chinese Laws
Database of translated laws and cases, provided by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce. Comprises selected laws and regulations and Supreme People’s Court decisions in English translation, up to about 2008. The database can be searched by title, keywords, type of document, issuing department and other criteria; to limit a search to cases only, select ‘Effect Level’ – ‘Judicial interpretation’. The database can also be browsed by subject heading.
GoCambodia: Cambodian Laws
GoCambodia provides links to pdf documents on the constitution of Cambodia, as well as other laws and decrees. It covers over 30 topics, including property, tax and civil law. Many documents are provided in both the English and Khmer languages, whilst others are provided in only one of these languages.
Government Printing Bureau
Website of the Government Printing Bureau for the Macao Special Administrative Region (MSAR). Includes links to the MSAR gazette, national and regional legislation, as well as private and public notices; all available as PDF downloads. The site is searchable by keyword. Although the site is in English the majority of documents are only available in Chinese and Portuguese.
Government of St Vincent and the Grenadines
The official website of the government of St Vincent and the Grenadines provides links to selected policies, Acts and Bills. It also provides links to the websites of the government ministries, and autonomous bodies including the Judiciary, Commerce and Intellectual Property Office and the Office of the Director of Public Prosecution. The section on government news is regularly updated.
Guide to Law Online: Cape Verde
Provided by the Law Library of Congress, the Guide to Law Online summarises key legal information on Cape Verde and provides useful links to other internet resources. The portal will be of interest to legal researchers.
Conventions section of the website of the Law Reform & International Law Bureau, which is a public sector office under the Macao Special Administrative Region Government (MSAR). The site details international agreements currently applicable to the MSAR. The majority are only translated into Portuguese and Chinese with a small number in English and French.
Invest in China: Laws
The Laws section of this Chinese Ministry of Commerce website provides a database of English translations of Chinese commercial and foreign investment laws and regulations, 1980 onwards. Under ‘Cases on Investment’, it also has a database of arbitration cases from the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC), 1998 onwards, in English.
Juricaf: la jurisprudence francophone des cours supreames
Collection of judgments from the highest French-speaking national and regional courts, provided free of charge by AHJUCAF, the Association of Francophone Supreme Courts ( l'association des cours judiciaires supremes francophones), in partnership with the Universite; Paris I. As well as individual African, European, South-East Asian and American jurisdictions, Juricaf covers the courts of international organisations such as the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEDAC) and the Council of Europe. Constitutional courts, courts of cassation, administrative appeal courts and other types of court are respresented, as well as those entitled cour supreme. The dates covered vary widely from court to court. The site, which is entirely in French, can be browsed by country or organisation and also has quick and advanced search facilities. Juricaf was awarded the 2012 Website Award by the International Association of Law Libraries.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China: Countries and Regions
Selected Chinese treaties translated into English are provided on this section of the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s website, together with outlines of China’s relations with each country and region of the world. To find treaties between China and a given country, select that country, then click on Documents
NATLEX: Brunei Darussalam
Provides list and general details of Government Ministries and links to their respective websites.
NATLEX: Saint Lucia
Maintained by the ILO’s International Labour Standards Department, NATLEX is a database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation. It holds over 70 records of laws relating to Saint Lucia. Where possible, links to full-text laws are given.
NATLEX: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Maintained by the ILO’s International Labour Standards Department, NATLEX is a database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation. It holds nearly 80 records of laws relating to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Where possible, links to full-text laws are given
This website gives an overview of the development of the Dutch Constitution, from the late eighteenth century to the present day, and provides information about pending changes. It includes translations of the current Constitution into English, French, German and Spanish, but most of the content is in Dutch. To find the translations, keep clicking on the links under each article of the current Constitution (‘Huidige Grondwet’). The site makes available historical versions of the Constitution from 1798 onwards, explanatory notes, videos and information about topics such as the Constitution and international law. Leiden University provides the site, with contributions from various historical institutes. The information is intended for the general public, government officials, politicians and the media.
Official Portal of the Gabonese Republic
The official website of the Gabonese Republic, in English. This site aims to promote Gabon as an emerging nation, providing economic, social and political news, as well legal and fiscal frameworks for foreign investment; included is an official French language presentation setting out the legal and fiscal framework for starting a business in Gabon. English language summaries of a number of guides and codes, such as The Investment Charter and the Forestry Code, are available, as well as downloadable full-text French-language versions. The structure and role of the Gabonese executive, legislature and judiciary are outlined. Detail is given on developing sectors of the Gabonese economy, such as energy, agriculture and housing, with governmental policy goals and targets outlined for each sector.
Prime Minister’s Office of Brunei Darussalam
Official government website of Brunei Darussalam. Provides news and general information on the running of the country. Also provides links to information on governmental departments, Ministers and Senior Officials. The website is available fully in both English and Bahasu Melayu languages.
The ‘Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare’ is the outcome of three years’ work by an independent group of international law experts - scholars and practitioners - on the application of existing norms of international law to cyber warfare. It is made up of rules of customary international law developed and adopted by the group of experts, annotated with commentary. It is available free of charge on the website of NATO’s Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCD COE); it was also published by Cambridge University Press, in 2013.
Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China and International Tax Guide
English-language taxation pages of the Chinese Ministry of Commerce’s website. Provides translations of Chinese official notices relating to taxation. Also has English translations of a few Chinese (and foreign) tax laws and of selected Chinese administrative decisions regarding taxation. The site is arranged by type of tax; it also has a basic search facility.
Universal Human Rights Index
Database of country-specific human rights information, provided by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees, originally developed at the University of Bern. The Index brings together recommendations, reports, concluding observations from the different parts of the UN human rights protection system: the Treaty Bodies, the Special Procedures and the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). The Advanced Search facility allows users to search by State, human right, body, affected person and so on; for UPR information, it is also possible to search by the state or states who made the recommendation and other criteria. The Index can be searched in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish, and, where possible, the documents retrieved are converted automatically into the same language (all documents are available in English).
US International Grantmaking
United States international Grantmaking (USIG) is a not-for-profit joint project of the Council on Foundations and the International Center for Not-For-Profit Law. The purpose of its website is to give guidance and information, but not legal advice, to potential grantmakers. The site provides a survey of relevant laws for a wide selection of jurisdictions. For each country, the survey focuses on nonprofit organisations, tax laws, legal forms and other relevant legislation, combined with specific local legal issues eg. political activities or legislation against discrimination. Hypertext links to full text documents are provided where available. There is also a summary of bibliographical sources used in producing the report and email contacts for local sources of knowledge.