IALS holds an important collection of documents from the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and
is working on a project to raise the discoverability, visibility and usability of the documents.
The Judicial Committee of The Privy Council is the court of final appeal for the UK overseas territories and Crown dependencies and for those Commonwealth countries that have retained the appeal to Her Majesty in Council or, in the case of Republics, to the Judicial Committee. It has decided cases across a wide range of legal topics such as: admiralty, constitutional and ecclesiastical matters, contract, murder, status of persons; and had a key role in the export and assimilation of common law around the world. Countries include: Aden, Antigua, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Basutoland, Bermuda, Canada, Ceylon, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Ghana, Gibraltar, Gold Coast, Great Britain, Guernsey, Guyana, Hong Kong, India, Jamaica, Jersey, Kenya, Lesotho, Malaya, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, New Zealand, Nigeria, Palestine, Rhodesia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somaliland, Tanganyika, Trinidad and Tobago and Uganda. Historically it was the supreme appellate court of the British Empire, whose decisions also provided valid precedents for British courts.
In 2010/2011 a collection of Judgment texts from the Committee's Library in Downing Street was scanned and included in the BAILII Privy Council Decisions database. A special collection of rare related records and documents is held by IALS in paper only. These texts are far more detailed than the 8,000 reported decisions. They include: the case for the appellant and the case for the respondent prepared by their solicitors and records of pleadings and prior court proceedings.
IALS holds paper copies of the records of appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which were originally sent from the Privy Council office. There are many Canadian appeals and selected appeals from over 35 other countries. For most cases, the documents held at IALS are the Judgment (J), Case for the appellant (A), Case for the respondent (R), and Pleadings (P).
IALS is creating an online finding tool, the Privy Council Decisions Documents Directory, to raise awareness of its collection of valuable documents from the historic court, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and help increase access for legal researchers.
Click here to connect to IALS Privy Council Decisions Documents Directory prototype
Examples of 19th Century documents in the collection at IALS
Collections of complementary paper records and documents are held by The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn Library and the British Library and The National Archives. The Judging Empire: the global reach of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council research project is in progress at the University of Plymouth. Privy Council Papers Online is being developed by the University of Plymouth, University of Reading and King's College, London.
The Supreme Court Summer exhibition 2014 (Friday 1 August 2014 until Friday 26 September 2014) will focus on the role of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council from its modern formation in 1833 to the emergence of the Commonwealth in the 1950s.
For further background information on the documents at IALS see: Unburied Treasure: revealing some lesser-known items in the IALS Global Law Library