Dr Nóra Ni Loideain

Lecturer in Law and Director of Information Law & Policy Centre
Room Number: 
Floor 4, 1 Malet Street
B.A., LL.B., LL.M. (Hons) (National University of Ireland, Galway); Ph.D. (Cantab)
Special Interests: 

Nóra’s research interests focus on governance, human rights, and technology, particularly in the fields of digital privacy, data protection, and state surveillance. 

Her forthcoming publications include her PhD from the University of Cambridge on the mass surveillance of citizens’ communications metadata for national security and law enforcement purposes under European human rights law. This is the focus of her forthcoming monograph - EU Data Privacy Law and Serious Crime: Data Retention and Policymaking (Oxford University Press). 

She is also co-author of the forthcoming textbook: Lynskey & Ní Loideáin, Data Protection Law and Policy (Oxford University Press) and an editor of the leading peer-review journal International Data Privacy Law (Oxford University Press).

Additional Information: 

Nóra is a Visiting Lecturer in Law for the LL.M. Privacy and Information Law module at King’s College London, a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Johannesburg’s Faculty of Humanities on the Media and Democracy Project, a Research Associate of the University of Cambridge’s Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law (CIPIL), and an Associate Fellow of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (CFI) at the University of Cambridge.

Prior to her academic career, she was a Legal and Policy Officer for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions of Ireland and clerked for the Irish Supreme Court.

Other Information: 

Eliza Boudier is the main contact for Nóra.  Eliza's details are as follows,

Email: eliza.boudier@sas.ac.uk
Tel: +0207 862 5849


Working Papers

'From Ava to Siri and the GDPR:  The Gendering of Virtual Personal Assistants and the Role of EU Data Protection Law'

Forthcoming in King's College London Dickson Poon School of Law Paper Series (2018)

Available on SSRN:


Nóra Ni Loideain, A port in the data-sharing storm: the GDPR and the Internet of things (2019) Journal of Cyber Policy, DOI: 10.1080/23738871.2019.1635176 

“An Unstoppable Force and an Immoveable Object? EU Data Protection Law and National Surveillance” (2018) 8(1) International Data Privacy Law 1 (with C.Kuner, O.Lynskey, C.Millard, F.Cate & D.Svantesson)

“Children and Digital Rights” (2018) 23(1) Communications Law 1 (with P.Wragg)

“Cape Town as a Smart and Safe City: Implications for Governance and Data Privacy” (2017) 7(4) International Data Privacy Law 314

“The End of Safe Harbor: Implications for EU Digital Privacy and Data Protection Law” (2016) 19(8) Journal of Internet Law 1

“EU Law and Mass Internet Metadata Surveillance in the post-Snowden era” (2015) 3(2) Media and Communications – Special Issue on Surveillance: Critical Analysis and Current Challenges 53

Book Chapters

“A Bridge too Far? The Investigatory Powers Act 2016 and Human Rights Law” in L. Edwards (ed), Law, Policy and the Internet (2nd ed., London: Hart, 2018) (forthcoming)

“Surveillance of Communications Data and Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights” in S. Gutwirth, R. Leenes, P. De Hert and Y. Poullet, (eds.), Reloading Data Protection (Dordrecht: Springer, 2014)

“Assessing the Evaluation of the EC Data Retention Directive”, in C.M. Akrivopoulou and N. Garipidis, (eds.), Human Rights and Risks in the Digital Era (Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2012)

“Implications of the EC Data Retention Directive for Data Protection and Privacy”, in C.M. Akrivopoulou and A. Psygkas, (eds.), Personal Data Privacy and Protection in a Surveillance Era: Technologies and Practices (Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2011)

Book Reviews

Review of R. Jay, Guide to the General Data Protection Regulation (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2017) (2017) 22(4) Communications Law 140

Review of S.B. Wicker, Cellular Convergence and the Death of Privacy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011) (2014) 4(3) International Data Privacy Law 243

Review of C.T. Marsden, Internet Co-Regulation: European Law, Regulatory Governance and Legitimacy in Cyberspace (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011) (2012) 71(2) Cambridge Law Journal 457

Written Evidence to Parliament

Technology and Democracy Project, CRASSH, University of Cambridge, Written evidence to Public Committee on revised Investigatory Powers Bill (IPB64) (published 14 April 2016)

ILPC, Report of Expert Working Group on Investigatory Powers Bill, Findings Published in Joint Committee Report on Draft Investigatory Powers Bill (HL Paper 93) (published 11 February 2016)  

Technology and Democracy Project, CRASSH, University of Cambridge, Written Evidence to Joint Committee on the Draft Investigatory Powers Bill (published 10 December 2015)


“Greater Power Should Come with Greater Accountability: Revisiting the Roles of Data Controllers and Processors”, Seminar Paper, Data Management and Use: Governance in the 21st Century, British Academy and Royal Society Report, October 2017

“National Mass Communications Data Surveillance and the Law: Advocate General’s Opinion in Watson and Tele2 Sverige”, CRASSH Blog, University of Cambridge, 9 August 2016

“The UK Investigatory Powers Bill – one step forward, two steps back” (Online article) Open Democracy, 17 November 2015

“Is the EU really about to outlaw mass metadata surveillance?” (Online article) Wired Magazine, 28 April 2014

"The Draft EU Data Protection Package: A history of the EU’s privacy reform efforts and a look forward to the finish line" (Online article) International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP), 5 December 2013