constitutional law


Official website of the German Constitutional Court which is based in Karlsruhe. The site includes press releases, profiles of judges and background information on the organisation and functions of the Court. Full text judgements and press releases can be viewed in German back to 1998. Weblinks are provided to other constitutional bodies in Germany and to constitutional courts in other countries. The site can be viewed in German and English.

Constitution of Sweden

English-language versions of the fundamental constitutional laws of Sweden, as presented on the website of the Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament. The constitutional documents presented are the Instrument of Government, the Act of Succession, the Freedom of the Press Act, Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression, and the Riksdag Act. The process of amending the fundamental laws of Sweden is also outlined.

Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia

Webpages of the Constitutional Court of Slovenia, founded in 1963, and remodelled under the 1991 Constitution of Slovenia. Under the Constitutional Court Act (1994), the Court is "the highest body of judicial authority for the protection of constitutionality, legality, human rights and basic freedoms" in Slovenia. This site presents basic information about the Court (history, powers, composition) and the full-text, in HTML, of the Constitution of Slovenia of 1991 and of the Constitutional Court Act of 1994.

Tribunal Constitucional

Web pages of the Tribunal Constitucional, the Spanish Constitutional Court. The site describes the history and work of the Court. It also provides a database of judgments, a selection of judgments translated into English and the Spanish Constitution translated into English, French, German, Italian, Catalan, Basque, Valencian and Galician. There are English- and French-language interfaces, but most of the site content is in Spanish.

Legal Acts of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania

These full-text legislative documents are presented on the website of the Seimas (Assembly) of the Republic of Lithuania and include the Constitution, the Statute of the Seimas and a database of Lithuanian legislation. The Constitution is presented in English but other legislation is available in Lithuanian only. The database of Lithuanian legislation is searchable by institution, by language, title words or keywords. The site can be viewed in English and Lithuanian.

Supreme Court of the Republic of Estonia

Web pages in English of the Supreme Court of Estonia, which derives its powers and competence from the Constitution of Estonia of 1992, and which had its first open session in May 1993. The site presents basic information about the Court: its composition, its two chambers (the Constitutional Review Chamber and the Civil, Criminal and Administrative Law Chamber), its appeals selection process, its history, and legal foundation and competence. It gives statistics on the number of applications and judgements made between 1993 and 1997.

Schweizerisches Bundesgericht

The main purpose of this website is to give access to the full-text of reports of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court. The Court's main functions are deciding on constitutional law matters in Switzerland, and hearing appeals in federal law matters. The period covered is 1954- to date (with reports back to 1875 linked to on another site) and the reports are available and searchable in French, German and Italian. The interface / presentation are available in these languages also.

Congreso de los Diputados

Website of the Congreso de los Diputados, the assembly of elected members of the Spanish Parliament. The site contains detailed information on the function, composition and work of the parliament. It includes biographies of Diputados from 1810 onwards, links to TV webcasts from the chamber, details of legislation passing through Parliament, Biblioteca Digital: a digital library containing all available full-text publications of the parliamentary library (registration is required) Intervenciones: a database of parliamentary speeches and interventions.

Constitution of the Slovak Republic 1992

Web pages containing the full-text in English of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic, as passed by the Slovak National Council on 1 September, and signed on 3 September, 1992. The Constitution is set out under the following headings: basic provisions, rights and freedoms, the economy, the Supreme Control Office, territorial self-administration, legislative power, executive power, government, judicial power, the courts, the Prosecutor's Office, and special provisions.